The HIV Multispot is typically used as a confirmatory test for people who have received a positive result from an HIV screening. This test detects and identifies antibodies which a person's body develops in response to infection. The Multispot test has replaced the Western Blot as the HIV confirmatory test of choice. This test has a higher level of accuracy than the Western Blot and is able to detect recent HIV infections up to 7 days sooner. The Multispot test is highly sensitive and able to differentiate between HIV-1 and HIV-2.
In the event of a negative or indeterminate result for the Multispot test, a Qualitative HIV RNA test will automatically be run at no additional cost. This FDA approved test has an early detection window and is highly accurate at detecting viral genetic material.
HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, attacks the immune system by destroying T-Cells. In time, HIV may lead to the development of AIDS. The HIV virus is spread through exposure to infected blood and bodily fluids, usually during sexual contact or intravenous drug use. HIV testing is recommended for anyone who is sexually active, especially those who engage in high risk behaviors. Early HIV infections may display flu-like symptoms, but often show no symptoms at all. HIV infections that go undiagnosed threaten not only the person who is infected but everyone they may potentially spread the virus to. The most common form of HIV is HIV-1. HIV-2 is typically found only in Western Africa or in those who have had contact with people from that region.
While the HIV Multispot test is not typically ordered as an initial screening for HIV, it is a highly accurate test when used for confirmatory purposes. Those who require an initial HIV screening may wish to order the HIV RNA viral qualitative test for recent exposure or the HIV 1/2 Antigen/Antibody test for remote exposure or routine screening.
Turnaround time for the HIV Multispot Test is typically 2-7 business days.
Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.
The HIV Multispot test will be detectable for most people around 4-6 weeks after a potential exposure. In some people it may take up to 3 months to be detectable.