The Lyme Disease Antibodies, Total Immunoglobulins IgG/Igm test can be used to aid in the diagnosis of acute (recent) or chronic infections with Lyme Disease. This test can detect both IgM and IgG antibodies but cannot differentiate between the two. People who are looking for a test that will help differentiate between recent and past infections may wish to order the Lyme Disease Total and IgM Antibodies test as it provides the same measurement for total antibodies as this test as well as one for just the IgM Antibodies. IgM antibodies usually develop shortly after infection and phase out after a few months. IgG antibodies typically begin to develop several weeks after infection and persist indefinitely. In the event of a positive or indeterminate result, a confirmatory Western Blot test will be automatically run at no additional charge.
Lyme Disease is caused by infection with the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. It is most commonly spread by the Deer Tick or Black Legged Tick and is the most common tick-borne illness in the United States and Europe. Lyme disease can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often similar to other afflictions. While some people will display a distinctive "bulls-eye" rash around the site of the bite, others may experience common flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, fatigue, and headache. The ticks which spread the disease are typically very small (the size of a pin head) and many people do not even realize they have been bitten. If left untreated, Lyme Disease can cause joint pain, numbness in the arms and legs, facial paralysis, Meningitis, heart problems, or memory problems.
Testing for Lyme Disease is advised when a person is experiencing symptoms associated with Lyme, especially if they have had a recent tick bite or have been in an area where Lyme Disease is prevalent. Testing should also be considered by anyone who has been in an area where Deer Ticks are known to be common. In some cases it may take more than one test to accurately detect Lyme Disease. Someone with negative test results who is still experiencing symptoms should consider ordering additional testing or consult with a doctor.
This test is typically ordered when someone believes they may have been infected with Lyme disease but does not know when the infection occurred.
Turnaround time for the Lyme Disease Total Immunoglobulins Test is typically 2-5 business days, but may take longer if confirmatory testing is necessary.
Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.
Lyme Disease IgM antibodies usually appear 1-2 weeks after an initial exposure and return to normal after about 6 to 8 weeks. IgG antibodies are typically detectable 4-6 weeks after exposure and may be detectable sooner in some people. IgG antibodies may persist indefinitely.
Antibiotics can interfere with test results. Please consult your prescribing physician prior to testing.
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