The Toxoplasmosis Blood Test is used to aid in the diagnosis of infection by the parasite Toxoplasma Gondii. This test looks for IgG antibodies which typically develop as a response to infection several weeks after the initial exposure. In most people antibodies will remain detectable for the rest of their lives. The CDC estimates that about 23% of people in the United State over the age of 12 have toxoplasmosis. Most infections occur from consuming contaminated food or water, especially raw or undercooked meat. Toxoplasma Gondii is also commonly found in cat feces. Failing to properly wash your hands after cleaning a litterbox or handling objects which may have come in contact with cat feces can cause infection.
For most healthy individuals, infection causes only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. Typical symptoms are flulike and may include headache, fever, fatigue, aches and swollen lymph nodes. After initial infection, the immune system keeps the parasites inactive and provides immunity from future infection. The primary health concern from toxoplasmosis is to infants who may contract the disease from their mother during pregnancy or people with weakened immune systems. Infants who are infected during pregnancy have a greater risk of severe complications including stillbirth, birth defects, and learning disabilities. People whose immune systems are compromised due to chemotherapy, recent surgery, AIDS or certain medications may experience headaches, confusion, seizures, loss of vision, lack of coordination and lung problems.
This test may be ordered by pregnant women to determine if they are at risk of passing the infection to their unborn child, especially if they have been at risk for exposure. This test may also be ordered by people with weakened immune systems who are experiencing symptoms of infection.
Clients who wish to test for a recent exposure may order the Toxoplasmosis IgM Antibodies test.
Turnaround time for the Toxoplasmosis, IgG test is typically 1-3 business days.
Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.
The Toxoplasmosis, IgG test has no special requirements.
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