Herpes 1&2 DNA PCR (Qual) Testing
Herpes Simplex 1&2 DNA PCR (Qual) Testing
This test is used to aid in the diagnosis of Herpes Simples Virus infections. PCR testing looks for viral genetic material or DNA in a blood sample. The Herpes 1&2 DNA PCR provides results for both type 1 and type 2 Herpes infections. Results for this test are qualitative and come back with either a positive or negative result.
Herpes is a viral infection spread by skin to skin contact, including during sexual activity. Herpes type 1 is more common and most often associated with oral herpes. Type 2 is less common and often associated with genital herpes. However, both forms of the virus can be spread to either area depending on the type of contact which results in infection. The most common symptom of Herpes infection is periodic outbreaks of sores around the infected area. However, it is not unusual for Herpes to display no symptoms for years at a time. The virus can be spread even if the infected person is not experiencing symptoms, which is known as asymptomatic shedding. Chronic Herpes infections can cause damage to the nervous system and increase the likelihood of contracting other STD’s including HIV.
The Herpes DNA PCR test is not typically ordered as a screening as blood PCR results may come back negative even if a person has been exposed to the virus. PCR testing may be useful in cases where a person is suspected of having disseminated herpes in which the virus has spread from the oral or genital area to other parts of the body. HSV PCR may also sometimes be detectable during times when the virus is active and multiplying. Due to the complex nature of this test, it should only be ordered with the recommendation of a person's doctor. A Quantitative Herpes PCR test which provides numerical results is also available. For routine herpes testing, please order the HSV 1&2 IgG Antibodies Test or the HSV IgM Antibodies test for recent exposure.
Turnaround time for the Herpes 1&2 DNA PCR test is typically 3-5 business days.