Insulin Autoantibodies Blood Test

IAA


Test Code: 141598
Specimen Type: Blood

Description:

Insulin Autoantibodies Blood Test

This test looks for the presence of Insulin Autoantibodies in the blood.  Type 1 Diabetes is caused by the body's immune system attacking beta cells in the pancreas which produce insulin.  With its insulin production impaired, the body cannot properly manage glucose (blood sugar.)  While most people develop type 1 diabetes at a younger age, it is possible for it to develop any age.  Type 1 diabetes will often cause symptoms such as frequent thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, and wounds that are slow to heal.   Most people will not develop symptoms until as much as 80-90% of their insulin-producing cells have been destroyed.  Testing for insulin autoantibodies can help to determine if a person is at risk for developing type 1 diabetes.  It can also help to diagnose type 1 diabetes and differentiate it from type 2 diabetes which causes similar symptoms.    

This test is usually ordered when a person has recently been diagnosed with diabetes to help determine which type they have.  It can also be done when a person has a family history of type 1 diabetes to help assess their risk of developing it themselves.  Insulin autoantibodies are just one type of autoantibody that is typically detectable in people with type 1 diabetes.  An Insulin Diabetes Antibodies Test which measures several types of autoantibodies is also available.  This test can provide more information that can be helpful in making a diagnosis.

Turnaround for this test is typically 7-12 business days.

Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Requirements:

This test should be taken before someone begins insulin therapy.  Someone who has taken insulin within 14 days may not have accurate results from this test.  

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Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.

Categories: