Lipid Panel Cholesterol Blood Test
Test Code: 303756
Specimen Type: Blood
Lipid Panel Cholesterol Blood Test (Labcorp)
The Lipid Panel test is the standard and most commonly ordered test to check cholesterol levels. While cholesterol is often discussed in a negative context, your body actually needs healthy levels of cholesterol to perform important functions including the production of hormones that are essential for growth and reproduction, the development of cells in tissues and organs throughout the body, and the absorption of nutrients from the food you eat. However, excess cholesterol can cause the buildup of fatty deposits known as plaques in the blood vessels. Plaques cause the narrowing or blockage of blood vessels, leading to heart disease or events like a heart attack or stroke.
Cholesterol testing is an important part of maintaining good health. High cholesterol has no specific symptoms but it can lead to serious long-term health complications if left unaddressed. Checking your cholesterol levels regularly can help identify problems early before they impact your health. This can help you and your doctor determine the best course of action. This may include lifestyle changes like diet and exercise or medication.
The Lipid Panel Blood Test includes:
- Total Cholesterol - A measure of all cholesterol.
- Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)* - The "bad" cholesterol which contributes to build-up in the blood vessels.
- High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) - The "good" cholesterol which helps remove excess cholesterol and transport it to the liver to be removed from the body.
- Triglycerides - Excess fats than can contribute to an increased risk of heart disease.
- Very Low-Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) - Contains high amounts of Triglycerides. Increased VLDL is often indicative of an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
A standard lipid panel may not be able to accurately calculate LDL levels when a person's Triglyceride level is over 800 mg. In this case, a Direct LDL test is recommended.
A cholesterol blood test is often ordered as a general health screening. This test is also useful for monitoring people who are being treated for high cholesterol. Cholesterol testing is recommended every five years for adults and more often for those with risk factors such as smoking, being overweight, high blood pressure, diabetes, or a family history of heart disease.
Turnaround time for the Online Lipid Panel is typically 1 business day.
Where can I find a Lipid Panel near me?
Check our lab finder to locate a collection site in your area.
Note: Result turn around times are an estimate and are not guaranteed. Our reference lab may need additional time due to weather, holidays, confirmation/repeat testing, or equipment maintenance.
A stable diet is recommended for 2-3 weeks prior to specimen collection.
Fasting is not required. However, fasting for 12-14 hours is recommended in cases where triglyceride levels are being used to aid in identifying conditions such as familial hypercholesterolemia (an inherited genetic disorder), early onset heart disease, pancreatitis, or hypertriglyceridemia. People with triglyceride levels over 800 mg may still need to fast for accurate LDL calculation.Lipid-Cholesterol Overview
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