Protein Electrophoresis Blood Test
Test Code: 001487
Specimen Type: Blood
Protein Electrophoresis Blood Test (Labcorp)
The Serum Protein Electrophoresis test measures certain proteins in the blood. Proteins perform a number of vital functions in the body including transporting nutrients and fighting diseases. This test uses an electrical field to separate proteins into groups based on size, shape and electrical charge. Results for this test will provide measurements for the five major protein factions, Albumin, Alpha-1-Globulin, Alpha-2-Globulin, Beta Globulin and Gamma Globulin, as well as Total Protein, Total Globulin, Albumin/Globulin Ratio and M-Spike if present. The results from a protein electrophoresis test can help to aid in the diagnosis of a number of conditions such as certain types of cancer, multiple sclerosis, liver or kidney disease, problems with the immune system, poor nutrition, dehydration, infection or inflammation.
A Protein Electrophoresis test is usually ordered as a follow up to abnormal results for tests such as Total Protein, Albumin, Urinalysis (showing elevated protein), CBC (showing low WBC or RBC counts) or Calcium. It can also be used to monitor treatment for various conditions. A Urine Protein Electrophoresis (UPEP) test is also available.
Turnaround time for the Protein Electrophoresis test is typically 2-3 business days.
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